Here are some facts relating to HIV/AIDS:
Global HIV/AIDS Statistics *
- 20.9 million people were accessing antiretroviral therapy in June 2017
- 36.7 million [34.0 million–39.8 million] people globally were living with HIV in 2016.
- 34.5 million [28.8 million–40.2 million] adults
- 17.8 million [15.4 million–20.3 million] women (15+ years)
- 2.1 million [1.7 million–2.6 million] children (<15 years)
- 1.8 million [1.6 million–2.1 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2016.
- 1 million [830 000–1.2 million] people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2016.
- 76.1 million [65.2 million–88.0 million] people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic.
- 35.0 million [28.9 million–41.5 million] people have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic.
HIV/AIDS in South Africa
South Africa has the biggest and most high profile HIV epidemic in the world, with an estimated 7.1 million people living with HIV in 2016. South Africa accounts for a third of all new HIV infections in southern Africa.
In 2016, there were 270,000 new HIV infections and110,000 South Africans died from AIDS-related illnesses.
South Africa has the largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme in the world and these efforts have been largely financed from its own domestic resources. In 2015, the country was investing more than $1.34 billion annually to run its HIV programmes.
The success of this ART programme is evident in the increases in national life expectancy, rising from 61.2 years in 2010 to 67.7 years in 2015.
HIV prevalence remains high (18.9%) among the general population, although it varies markedly between regions. For example, HIV prevalence is almost 12.2% in KwaZulu- Natal compared with 6.8 and 5.6% in Northern Cape and Western Cape, respectively.
Orphaned and Vulnerable Children*
One of the most devastating impacts of the HIV epidemic is the loss of whole generations of people in communities hardest hit by the epidemic. In this regard, it is often children who feel the greatest impact, with the loss of parents or older relatives. There are 3.7 million orphaned children in South Africa, with more than half (2 million) orphaned by AIDS-related illnesses. The highest rate of new infection is among adolescents with a ratio of two girls to each boy being infected.